Mixed Farming


In this Article...

An insight into the agricultural practice of mixed farming.

Mixed farming is a practice that has been around for centuries, and it involves growing crops and raising livestock on the same piece of land. This approach offers a wide range of benefits for both farmers and the community. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the benefits of mixed farming, why farmers should consider it, how they can start implementing it, and the benefits it offers for wildlife.

Benefits of Mixed Farming

  • Mixed farming offers numerous benefits for farmers and their surrounding communities. One of the primary benefits is increased soil fertility. By rotating crops and using livestock manure as fertiliser, farmers can replenish the soil with nutrients and improve its quality over time. This approach can also reduce the need for synthetic fertilisers, which can be expensive and harmful to the environment.
  • Mixed farming also offers a safety net for farmers. By growing a variety of crops and raising livestock, farmers can diversify their income streams and mitigate the risks associated with relying on a single crop or product. This can help farmers maintain their financial stability, even in the face of unforeseen circumstances such as crop failures or market fluctuations.
  • Another benefit of mixed farming is its positive impact on the local community. By growing a variety of crops and raising livestock, farmers can provide a diverse range of products to local consumers. This can help build stronger relationships between farmers and their customers, while also supporting the local economy.
  • Mixed farming also offers significant benefits for wildlife. By providing a diverse range of habitats and food sources, mixed farms can support a wide range of plant and animal species. This can include everything from birds and insects to larger mammals such as deer and foxes.


How to Implement Mixed Farming

  • Implementing mixed farming requires careful planning and consideration. One of the most important steps is to determine the right mix of crops and livestock for a given piece of land. This involves taking into account factors such as soil quality, climate, and market demand.
  • One effective approach to mixed farming is the Norfolk 4 crop rotation system. This system involves rotating crops in a specific sequence over a four-year period. The first year, a legume crop is grown to fix nitrogen in the soil. The second year, a cereal crop is grown. In the third year, a root crop such as potatoes is grown, which helps break up the soil and prevent soil-borne diseases. Finally, in the fourth year, a crop such as clover or grass is grown to provide grazing for livestock.
  • Another important aspect of mixed farming is raising livestock. This can include cattle, pigs, chickens, and other animals. Livestock can help provide manure for fertiliser, while also providing a source of income through the sale of meat, eggs, and dairy products.



Mixed farming offers numerous benefits for farmers, their communities, and the environment. By growing a variety of crops and raising livestock, farmers can increase soil fertility, diversify their income streams, and build stronger relationships with their customers. The Norfolk 4 crop rotation system is an effective approach to implementing mixed farming, while also providing significant benefits for wildlife. By adopting mixed farming practices, farmers can create a more sustainable, resilient, and diverse agricultural system.

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